India has various wildlife sanctuaries to explore the verities of flora and fauna. Each state has the wildlife and bird sanctuaries with their speciality. If you are wildlife lover you must visit India to explore these species. If you are going to visit Uttarakhand then you can find wildlife there too. Here are top 5 wildlife sanctuaries in Uttrakhand:
Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park is located northeast of Delhi at foothills of Himalayas and is spread to area of 520 sq km along banks of Ramganga River about 300 km away. It was initially established on 8 August 1936 to honor Sir Malcolm Hailey, at that time Governor of United Provinces. It was changed to Ramganga National Park but finally changed to Corbett National Park in memory of legendary hunter, Jim Corbett in 1957.
Corbett is considered as true bird park of the world as out of 2600 species of birds recorded in Indian subcontinent more than 600 species had been recorded from Corbett Park. This figure is larger than total number of species that are found in Europe. Out of 69 species of raptors seen in India, 49 of these can be located in Corbett Park. Park is like paradise to bird watchers. European bird- watchers are the keenest visitors to the reserve when bird’s diversity is at peak during winters.
You can spot Himalayan Kingfisher, Brown Fish Owl, White-capped Redstarts and Brown Dippers in your tour of Jim Corbett Park. You may also see Mountain Hawk Eagles and Stray backed Forktails. There is an immediate possibility of Red Jungle Fowl and Blue Whistling Thrush inside the park. You can even spot Jungle Owlet, Oriental White-eye, Stork-billed Kingfisher and more. The mammals include Tiger, Chital, Indian Elephant and Hog Deer. There is rich diversity in habitation because of elevation varying from 400 m to 1210 m in the park. More than 25 reptile species and 50 mammals could be found at Corbett. You could come across leopard, tiger, various species of cats and wild dogs.
Govind Wildlife Sanctuary
It is in Uttarkashi district, covers area of 953 sq km and includes mountains such as Black Peak, Swarg Rohini and Bandarpunch. Besides sanctuary, place is famous for glaciers and snow clad peaks. Hari-ki-Dum attracts many trekkers. Animal species found here are Himalayan black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bears, chukor, trogopan etc.
Rajaji National Park
It is situated near Dehradun covering area of 820 km and is an ideal retreat having beautiful spots for excursions and picnic. Its pleasant climate makes it attractive tourist destination. Here wild life includes tiger, elephant panther, wild boar, monitor lizard and large variety of fauna.
Nanda Devi National Park
It is close to Nanda Devi Peak, second highest mountain and is spread over 630 sq km area. British mountaineers were first to have reached this sanctuary. Area remained undisturbed till then except successful attempt on Nanda Devi by Tilman in 1936. Large number of climbing expeditions and treks to this area has affected character of this place. Main characteristic of this park is its unique mix of fauna and flora. Fauna includes Himalayan black bear, brown bear and snow leopards.
It lies in lap of Kumaon Himalayas at height of 5412 ft. Its snow-clad mountains and beautiful temples add beauty to this place. Here you would be able to see Himalayan black bears, tahra, snow cocks etc. which you would never be able to experience elsewhere.
Apart from these there are lots of popular wildlife sanctuaries in India like Ranthambhore National Park, Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Kaziranga National Park etc.